Jun 172019
 

By OnlineNEF@Nepal

असार २, २०७६

गोंगर (दोलखा)÷ स्वदेशी लगानीमा दोलखामा निर्धाणाधीन ४५६ मेगावाटको माथिल्लो तामाकोसी जलविद्युत आयोजनाको तल्लो ठाडो सुरुङमा पेनस्टक पाइप जडान सुरु भएको छ । लामो समयको प्रयासपछि अत्यन्तै जटिल र चुनौतीपूर्ण मानिएको तल्लो ठाडो सुरुङमा आइतबार सफलतापूर्वक पाइप जडान भएको हो ।

नेपाल विद्युत प्राधिकरणका कार्यकारी निर्देशक एवं आयोजनाको प्रवद्र्धक अपर तामाकोसी हाइड्रोपावर लिमिटेडका अध्यक्ष कुलमान घिसिङ र प्राधिकरणका संचालकद्धय चेतराज जोशी तथा भक्तबहादुर पुनको उपस्थितिमा पाइप राख्न सुरु गरिएको हो । तल्लो सुरुङमा ५ मिटर लम्बाइ र २७ टन तौल भएको पहिलो पाइप राख्न सात घण्टा लागेको थियो । तल्लो ठाडो सुरुङको पुछारमा रहने बेण्ड पेनस्टक पाइपमा सोमबार अर्को पाइप राखिएको हो । अब त्यसलाई मिलाउने, वेल्डिङ गर्ने र त्यसपछि कंक्रिट गरिने आयोजनाले जनाएको छ । त्यसपछि अर्को पाइप जडान सुरु हुने छ । तल्लो पेनस्टक साफ्टमा ३७२ मिटरमा ७४ वटा पेनस्टक पाइप जडान गर्नु पर्ने छ ।

पहिलो पाइप सफलतापूर्वक राखिएकाले तल्लो ठाडो सुरुङमा पाइप राख्ने विषयमा रहेको अन्यौलता हटेको कार्यकारी निर्देशक घिसिङले बताए । ‘पेनस्टक पाइप जडान ज्यादै गाह्रो थियो, यस अघि जडान सुरु गर्दा क्रेनको डोरी नै चुंडिएको थियो, त्यसपछि क्रेनले काम गर्ने÷नगर्ने लगायतका अन्यौल र अनिश्चितता थियो, अब पहिलो पाइप सफलतापूर्व राखिएपछि सबै अन्यौता हट्दै आयोजना सम्पन्न हुने दिशातर्फ अगाडि बढेको छ,’उनले भने । ‘पहिलो युनिटबाट (७६ मेगावाट) पुसभित्रमा उत्पादन गर्ने लक्ष्य राखेका र्छौ, यसमा केही तलमाथि हुनसक्ला तर आयोजना आर्थिक वर्ष २०७६÷७७ भित्रै निर्माण सम्पन्न हुने छ ।’ उनले क्रेनले ६ मिटर प्रति मिनेटका दरले पाइप झार्ने हुँदा अब कामले गति लिने बताए । पेनस्टक पाइप आपूर्ति तथा जडानको ठेक्का पाएको भारतीय कम्पनी टेक्स्म्याकोले काम गर्न ढिलाई गरेपछि तल्लो ठाडो सुरुङमा पाइप जडानको जिम्मा इलेक्ट्रोमेकानिकल (लट ३)को ठेकदार अष्ट्रियन कम्पनी एन्ड्रिज हाइड्रोलाई दिइएको छ । अपर तामाकोसी हाइड्रोपावर लिमिटेड, टेक्सम्याको र एन्ड्रिजबीच गत २३ पुसमा आयोजनालाई थप वित्तीय भार नपर्ने गरी यो काम गर्न त्रिपक्षीय सम्झौता भएको थियो । माथिल्लो सुरुङमा पाइप जडान भने टेक्स्याकोले नै गरिरहेको छ ।

ऊर्जा जलस्रोत तथा सिंचाइ मन्त्री वर्षमान पुनको गत ९ चैतको निर्देशनअनुसार कार्यकारी निर्देशक घिसिङले हरेक महिना आयोजनास्थलमा पुगी निर्माणमा खटिएका आयोजनाको व्यवस्थापन, ठेकेदार कम्पनीहरु र परामर्शदाता कम्पनीका प्रतिनिधिसँग बैठक गर्दै आएका छन् । उनले आयोजनाको आपूmले लिएको जिम्मेबारी छिट्टो पूरा गर्न निर्देशन दिएका छन् ।

मन्त्री पुनले पछिल्लो पटक तय गरिएको तालिकाभित्रै निर्माण सम्पन्न गर्न हरेक महिना आयोजनास्थलमै उच्चस्तरीय बैठक राख्न निर्देशन दिएका थिए ।

बैठकमा आयोजनाको अत्यन्तै जटिल एवं चुनौतिपूर्ण मानिएको माथिल्लो र तल्लो ठाडो सुरुङमा पेनस्टक पाइप जडानको प्रगतिका बारेमा विस्तृत छलफल तथा समीक्षा गरिएको थियो । लामाबगरमा रहेको बाँधमा फिनिसिङको सानातिना काम भइरहेको छ । सुरुङ,प्रसारण लाइन निर्माणको काम समानान्तर रुपमा अगाडि बढिरहेको छ । सबै संरचनाहरु निर्माणको अन्तिम चरणमा छन् ।

२०७२को विनाशकारी भूकप्प र त्यसपछिका पराकम्पन एवं बाढीपहिरोले पुर्याएको क्षति तथा अवरोध, मधेश आन्दोलनका कारण निर्माण समाग्री ढुवानी र इन्धन आपूर्तिमा आएको समस्या, डिजाइन परिवर्तन,हाइड्रोमेकानिकल (लट २) ठेकेदारको कमजोर कार्यसम्पादन लगायतले गर्दा आयोजनाको निर्माण ढिलाई भएको थियो ।

आयोजनाको निर्माण आर्थिक वर्ष २०७३÷७४ भित्र सकी विद्युत् उत्पादनको लक्ष्य राखिएको थियो । भूकम्प लगायतका कारणले आयोजनाको निर्माण प्रभावित भएपछि चालू आव २०७५÷७६को पुस महिनाभित्र निर्माण सक्ने गरी नयाँ एकीकृत समय तालिकाका तय गरिएको थियो । तर, लट २को ठेकदारको कमजोर कार्यसम्पादनका कारण निर्माण Read more…

Source:: Nepal Energy Forum

Jun 172019
 

By OnlineNEF@Nepal

June 17, 2019, Kathmandu

The much awaited 400/200-kVA high-voltage Dhalkebar substation is likely to start operations by December. Once the substation comes into operation it will be able to transmit cross-border electricity as well as strengthen the domestic distribution system.

The 400/200 kVA substation is the only substation that is being built with the sole investment of the government.

According to Kul Man Ghising, managing director of Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA), after the completion of the substation, it will be able to export and import 900 megawatts of electricity to and from India.

As per NEA, construction work of the 400 kVA cross-border transmission line has already been completed and the transmission line is currently being charged. After the completion of the substation, it will be able to transmit high-voltage electricity not only across the border with India but also for domestic consumption.

“After completion of 456 MW Upper Tamakoshi hydropower project, Nepal will have surplus electricity and the Dhalkebar substation will help in the import and export of electricity with India and also open the way for energy banking with the southern neighbour,” Ghising further said.

During his site visit to the substation in Dhalkebar on Saturday, Ghising directed Bajra Bhusan Chaudhary, deputy managing director and also the chief of transmission directorate of NEA, to complete the project within the stipulated timeframe.

As per NEA, the contractor company has completed almost 95 per cent of engineering works, 60 per cent works of installing generation and supply works, and 40 per cent of installation and civil works so far.

Moreover, NEA is also constructing 400/220 kVA substations each in Hetauda of Makawanpur and Duhabi of Sunsari, with the aim to strengthen domestic demand and supply and to export electricity to India.

According to NEA, as the power utility did not receive permission from the District Forest Office (DFO), Saptari to cut trees along the route of the double-circuit 400 kVA Hetauda-Dhalkebar-Duhabi transmission line, the construction works had been halted for a few months. “A Cabinet meeting on May 28 had allowed NEA to cut trees along the route of the transmission line but Dhirendra Pratap Singh, head of the DFO in Saptari intentionally halted the construction works,” said Ghising.

Source: The Himalayan Times

Read more…

Source:: Nepal Energy Forum

Jun 162019
 

By OnlineNEF@Nepal

काठमाडौं, १ असार २०७६ । मुलुकभित्रको प्रसारण प्रणालीलाई सुदृढीकरण तथा नेपाल र भारतबीचको विद्युत व्यापारका लागि धनुषामा निर्माणाधीन ४०० केभीको ढल्केबर सबस्टेसन आगामी पुसभित्र (डिसेम्बर २०१९) संचालनमा आउने भएको छ ।
स्वदेशी लगानीमा निर्माणाधीन ४००÷२२० केभीको ढल्केबर सबस्टेसन ४०० केभी प्रणालीमा आधारित नेपालकै पहिलो सबस्टेसन हो । सरकारले बजेटमार्फत आगामी आर्थिक वर्षभित्रमा ४०० केभीको ढल्केबर सबस्टेसन निर्माण सम्पन्न गरी संचालनमा ल्याउने घोषणा गरिसकेको छ ।
४००÷२२० केभीको सबस्टेसन संचालनमा आएपछि नेपाल र भारतबीच नौ सय मेगावाट विद्युत आयात–निर्यातका लागि पूर्वाधार तयार हुने नेपाल विद्युत प्राधिकरणका कार्यकारी निर्देशक कुलमान घिसिङले जानकारी दिए ।
‘ढल्केबर–मुजफ्फपुर ४०० केभी क्रसबोर्डर प्रसारण लाइन यस अघि नै निर्माण सम्पन्न भई अहिले २२० केभीमा संचालनमा छ, ढल्केबरमा ४००÷२२० केभी सबस्टेसनको निर्माण सकिएपछि ठूलो क्षमताका प्रसारण लाइनमार्फत दुई मुलुकबीच विद्युत् आदानप्रदान गर्न सकिने छ,यसबाट अन्तरदेशीय विद्युत् व्यापार थप सहज बन्ने छ’,उनले भने । ‘४५६ मेगावाटको माथिल्लो तामाकोसीको निर्माण सम्पन्न भएपछि नेपालमा वर्षायाममा विद्युत बढी हुन गएको खण्डमा भारत निर्यात गर्नका साथै दुई मुलुकबीच इनर्जी बैकिङ गर्न समेत बाटो खुल्ने छ ।’
ढल्केबर–मुजफ्फपुर प्रसारण लाइनलाई २२० केभीमा चार्ज गरी भारतबाट पिक समयमा दैनिक २२० मेगावाटसम्म विद्युत आयात भइरहेको छ । अन्य विन्दुको तुलनामा मुजफ्फपुरबाट आयात हुने विद्युत्को मूल्य सस्तो छ । ढल्केबरमा २२०÷१३२ केभी सबस्टेसन पनि संचालित छ ।
नेपाल विद्युत प्राधिकरणका कार्यकारी निर्देशक घिसिङ र प्रसारण निर्देशनालयका उपकार्यकारी निर्देशक बज्रभूषण चौधरीले शनिबार सबस्टेसन निर्माण प्रगतिको स्थलगत निरीक्षण गरी निर्धारित समयमै काम सम्पन्न निर्देशन दिएका छन् । घिसिङले यो सबस्टेसन सरकारको उच्च प्राथमिकताको आयोजना भएकाले कुनै पनि वहानामा निर्माणमा ढिलाइ गर्न नहुने बताए ।
सबस्टेसन निर्माणको ठेक्का पाएको भारतीय कम्पनी एबीबीले ठेक्का सम्झौतामा निर्धारित समय अर्थात ३१ डिसेम्बर २०१९भित्र सबस्टेसन काम सकी चार्ज गर्ने प्रतिबद्धता जनाएको छ । सबस्टेसनको इन्जिनियरिङको ९५ प्रतिशत, उपकरणको उत्पादन तथा आपूर्तिको ६० प्रतिशत र जडान तथा सिभिल कार्यको प्रगति ४० प्रतिशत छ । प्राधिकरण र कम्पनीबीच सबस्टेसन निर्माणका लागि ८ डिसम्बर २०१७मा ठेक्का सम्झौता भएको थियो । प्राधिकरणले मकवानपुरको हेटौडा र सुनसरीको इनरुवामा पनि ४००÷२२० केभीको सबस्टेसन निर्माण गरिरहेको छ । उत्पादित विद्युतको आन्तरिक खपत एवं द्धिपक्षीय तथा क्षेत्रीय विद्युत व्यापार प्रवद्र्धन लागि आन्तरिक प्रसारण एवं वितरण र अन्तरदेशीय प्रसारण प्रणालीहरुको विस्तार तथा सदृढीकरण गरिएको हो ।
सप्तरीमा वनको अवरोध अझै हटेन
डिभिजन वन कार्यालय सप्तरीले रुख काट्न नदिंदा करिब साढे दुई वर्षदेखि रोकिएको राष्ट्रिय महत्वको हेटौडा ढल्केबर–दुहबी ४०० केभी डबल सर्किट प्रसारण लाइन आयोजनाको काम अझै खुल्न सकेको छैन । मन्त्रिपरिषद्ले आयोजनालाई वन क्षेत्रको जग्गा र त्यहाँ रहेका रुखविरुवा हटाउन अनुमति दिएको छ । तर, डिभिजन वन कार्यालयका प्रमुख प्रमुख (डिएफओ) धिरेन्द्र प्रताव सिंहले विभिन्न वहना बनाउँदै नियोजित रुपमा रुख कटानका लागि आदेश नदिंदा आयोजनाको काम रोकिएको हो ।
‘मन्त्रिपरिषद्को निर्णय पेश गरेको २० दिनभन्दा बढी भयो तर डिएफओले अझैसम्म रुख कटानको आदेश नदिंदा काम रोकिएको छ, विना कारण डेढ वर्षदेखि राष्ट्रिय महत्वको आयोजनाको काम रोक्ने डिएफओलाई नत सरुवा गरिन्छ न कारबाही नै’, प्राधिकरणका कार्यकारी निर्देशक घिसिङले भने । ‘डिएफओ आगामी असार १८ असारमा अनिवार्य अवकास पाउँदैछन् भन्ने सुनेका छौं त्यसभन्दा अगाडि रुख कटानका आदेश दिन्छन् जस्तो देखिंदैन ।’
रुख कटानको स्विकृति दिन आयोजनाले पटक–पटक गरेकोे ताकेतालाई डिएफओले अस्विकार गर्दा सप्तरीमा पर्ने आयोजनाको १३ वटा टावर निर्माण नै रोकिएको हो । यो प्रसारण लाइनको निर्माण सकिएन भने ४५६ मेगावाटको माथिल्लो तामाकोसीको Read more…

Source:: Nepal Energy Forum

Jun 162019
 

By OnlineNEF@Nepal

Jun 14, 2019

Commercial banks are reluctant to take foreign currency loans as Nepal Rastra Bank has not launched hedging solutions to reduce investment risks.

Hedging is a risk management strategy used to reduce the risk due to fluctuations in the asset price. It is also a type of insurance that will cover additional liability created to any party (investor or government) due to exchange rate fluctuations.

After the hedging regulation was implemented last February, Nepal Rastra Bank had planned to launch hedging solutions. Four months have already passed since the regulation was enforced.

Laxmi Prapanna Niroula, spokesperson for the central bank, said they had started consultations with stakeholders to launch hedging solutions in the next fiscal year. “However, the hedging solution will be effective only after the country receives a credit rating from international credit rating agencies,” said Niroula.

Finance Minister Yuba Raj Khatiwada had time and again stressed the need to implement a credit rating system to attract foreign investment. Niroula said that the credit rating would help to boost investor confidence in the country.

Nepal Rastra Bank has been encouraging commercial banks to obtain loans from foreign companies in a bid to ease the liquidity crunch. However, only a few banks have followed the advice due to the absence of a hedging solution, said bankers. NMB Bank has taken a Rs16 billion project loan, the largest so far, from Netherlands Development Finance Company, a Dutch development bank. As Nepal Rastra Bank is preparing to introduce the annual monetary policy for 2019-20, bankers have urged the central bank to immediately launch hedging solutions.

Gyanendra Prasad Dhungana, president of the Nepal Bankers’ Association, said the implementation of hedging solutions would encourage banks to obtain loans from foreign banks. As per the plan, the central bank will provide hedging solutions by insuring the loan amount that banks borrow in foreign currency. Dhungana said the central bank would share risks by charging an insurance premium.

The central bank has allowed Nepali banks to take loans from Indian banks and financial institutions from last December. Domestic banks will use these loans to issue credit in the tourism, agriculture and micro finance sectors.

However, domestic banks have been unable to benefit from this provision as the Indian central bank has barred Indian banks from providing loans to foreign banks. “We have asked the central bank to initiate talks with the Reserve Bank of India on the issue,” said Dhungana.

Nepal Rastra Bank allows banks to take foreign currency loans equivalent to their primary capital. The association has urged the central bank to remove restrictions regarding eligible sectors when banks issue loans using funds obtained from foreign organisations.

Similarly, they have also urged the apex monetary institution to extend the time frame of such investments to up to 10 years from the existing limit of two years.

Revising the threshold of risk weighted loans, annulling the mandatory provision to maintain a capital redemption reserve by banks while issuing bonds and debentures, simplifying the transaction of government bonds and revising the interest rate corridor are in Read more…

Source:: Nepal Energy Forum

Jun 162019
 

By OnlineNEF@Nepal

असार १, २०७६

काठमाडौँ — नेपाल विद्युत् प्राधिकरणका ‘क्रोनिक’ बनिरहेका कुलेखानी तेस्रो र माथिल्लो त्रिशूली ३ ए आयोजनाबाट पछिल्लो घोषित मिति असार मसान्तमा समेत बिजुली उत्पादन सुरु हुन नसक्ने देखिएको छ ।

दुवै आयोजनाका चिनियाँ ठेकेदार कम्पनीले विभिन्न बहाना बनाएर काममा ढिलाइ गरेपछि घोषित मितिमा विद्युत् उत्पादन सुरु हुन नसक्ने खतरा बढेको विद्युत् प्राधिकरणका अधिकारी बताउँछन् ।

ती अधिकारीका अनुसार यी आयोजनाको विद्युत् उत्पादन मिति अझै कति पछाडि धकेलिने हो भन्न नसकिने स्थिति छ ।सन् २०१४ को अन्त्यमा निर्माण सम्पन्न गर्ने गरी ६० मेगावाटको माथिल्लो त्रिशूली ३ ए आयोजनाको काम सन् २०१० मा सुरु भएको हो ।

चिनियाँ ठेकेदार कम्पनी गेजुवाको लापर्बाहीले आयोजना चार वर्ष ढिला भइसकेको छ । गेजुवा र प्राधिकरणका अधिकारीहरूबीच केही समयअघि भएको छलफलपछि असार मसान्तमा माथिल्लो त्रिशूली ३ ए बाट ६० मेगावाट बिजुली उत्पादन सुरु गर्ने सहमति भएको थियो । गेजुवाले सिभिल तथा इलेक्ट्रो–मेकानिकल सबै काम सकी एउटा युनिटबाट ३० मेगावाट बिजुलीको परिक्षण उत्पादन सुरु गरिसकेको छ ।

माथिल्लो त्रिशूली ३ मा ३०/३० मेगावाट बिजुली उत्पादन गर्ने दुई युनिट छन्, जसमध्ये एउटाबाट परीक्षण उत्पादन सुरु भइसकेको छ । गेजुवाले अर्को युनिटबाट बिजुलीको परीक्षण उत्पादन सुरु गर्नुपर्ने बेला निहुँ बनाएर ढिलो गर्न खोजिरहेको प्राधिकरण स्रोतले उल्लेख गरेको छ ।

‘गेजुवाका चिनियाँ प्राविधिकहरूले नेपाल बस्ने भिसा अवधि सकियो भन्ने बहाना बनाएर काममा ढिलाइ गर्न खोजिरहेका छन्,’ प्राधिकरणका एक उच्च अधिकारीले कान्तिपुरसित भने, ‘१०/१२ दिन राम्रोसँग काम गर्ने हो भने माथिल्लो त्रिशूली ३ एको दोस्रो युनिटबाट समेत बिजुलीको परीक्षण उत्पादन गर्ने काम सकिन्छ । तर गेजुवाका उच्च अधिकारीहरूको बहानाबाजीले असार मसान्तमा बिजुली उत्पादन सुरु हुन नसक्ने हो कि भन्ने खतरा बढेको छ ।’

ती अधिकारीका अनुसार गेजुवाका प्राविधिकहरूलाई प्राधिकरणले सम्झाइरहेको छ । गेजुवाले करिब १० अर्ब रुपैयाँमा माथिल्लो त्रिशूली ३ ए निर्माण गर्न सन् २०१० मा ईपीसी मोडलमा ठेक्का लिएको थियो । ईपीसी मोडलमा आयोजना निर्माणको अवधि लम्बिए या अरू कुनै पनि कारणबाट लागत बढाउन मिल्दैन । ईपीसी मोडल हुँदाहुँदै पनि २०७२ को भूकम्पमा परी आयोजनास्थल र त्यसका संरचनामा ठूला क्षति पुगेका कारण आयोजनाको लागत झन्डै दुई अर्ब रुपैयाँ बढेको छ । आयोजनास्थल माथिको पहिरो नियन्त्रण गर्न सरकारले नेपाली सेनासमेत परिचालन गर्नुपरेको थियो ।

ठेकेदार कम्पनी गेजुवाको लापर्बाही, उसले कामै रोकी आयोजनाको क्षमता ६० बाट ९० मेगावाट बनाउन लामो समय गरेको लबिइङ, भूकम्प र भारतीय नाकाबन्दीका कारण आयोजना निर्धारित मितिभन्दा चार वर्ष पछाडि सम्पन्न हुने स्थितिमा पुगेको हो । त्रिशूली ३ ए भूकम्प र नाकाबन्दीले एक वर्ष र ठेकेदारको लापर्बाहीले तीन वर्ष ढिलो भएको प्राधिकरणका अधिकारीहरूको निष्कर्ष छ ।

कुलेखानी तेस्रो जलविद्युत् आयोजनासमेत चिनियाँ ठेकेदारकै लापर्बाहीकै कारण घोषित मिति असार मसान्तमा नसकिने खतरा बढेको प्राधिकरणका अधिकारीहरू बताउँछन् । सन् २०११ मा सम्पन्न गर्ने गरी १४ मेगावाटको कुलेखानी तेस्रो आयोजनाको निर्माण सन् २००८ मा सुरु भएको हो । चिनियाँ इलेक्ट्रो–मेकानिकल ठेकेदार कम्पनी जिन्रुनको लापर्बाही र गैरजिम्मेवारीले आयोजनाको निर्माण कार्य अझै सकिएको छैन । २ अर्ब ४३ करोडमा सक्ने लक्ष्यका साथ निर्माण सुरु भएको आयोजनाको लागत वृद्धि भएर ४ अर्ब ६० करोड रुपैयाँ पुगिसकेको छ ।

कुलेखानी तेस्रोको निर्माण कार्य करिब सकिएर मेकानिकलतर्फको टर्बाइनको परीक्षण सुरु भएको छ । एउटा युनिटको परीक्षण भइसकेको छ । अर्कोको परीक्षण हुन बाँकी छ । त्यसको परीक्षण सकिएपछि कुलेखानी तेस्रोमा बिजुलीको परीक्षण उत्पादन सुरु हुनेछ । अन्तिम चरणमा पुगेका बेला कुलेखानी तेस्रोमा ठेकेदारले काममा लापर्बाही गर्न थालेको जानकारी आयोजना स्रोतले दिएको छ । त्यही कारण घोषित मितिमा बिजुली उत्पादन सुरु हुन नसक्ने सम्भावना बढेको छ । ‘ठेकेदारले अन्तिम समयमा आएर काममा ठगठाग गर्न Read more…

Source:: Nepal Energy Forum

Jun 162019
 

By OnlineNEF@Nepal

Jun 16, 2019

Province 3 will receive the highest amount of royalties collected from the energy sector in the next fiscal year as the National Natural Resources and Fiscal Commission has set the formula for royalty sharing of natural resources among three tiers of the government.

Provision 3 will get an estimated Rs 274.33 million in royalties.

In line with the Act for Inter-governmental Fiscal Arrangement, the federal government receives 50 percent of the royalties from hydropower while the provincial and local governments receive 25 percent each.

Out of the funds set aside for the local governments, the commission has fixed the hydropower royalty sharing mechanism, taking into consideration the project location (50 percent), affected areas (25 percent) and affected population (25 percent).

“It means the areas or villages where power plants are located will benefit most by the royalty sharing policy, followed by project affected locations and the population in the region,’ said Gopi Krishna Khanal, joint secretary and spokesperson of the commission.

“The benefit sharing formula will help provincial governments and local governments to estimate their share of energy royalties collected during the current fiscal and prepare their budget for the next fiscal accordingly.”

However, in the formula, the commission has not accounted the geographic areas or population affected by transmission lines. The number of affected local units is based on those which are affected by power generation in their region.

For instance, a local level where the river flow has declined because of the power plant located in the adjacent local level is deemed fit to receive its share of loyalties. But local levels through which transmission lines pass have not been accounted for as an affected area.

According to Khanal, the commission will revise its royalty sharing mechanism to include local levels affected by power lines in the upcoming years when the country sees increased power generation and substantial impact caused by transmission networks.

“For now we have excluded the transmission lines from the equation because of lack of adequate study on that front. But we will revise these policies again in the coming years,” said Khanal.

As per estimates, in the fiscal year 2019-20, the provinces will receive a total of Rs 538.19 million in energy royalties under the new and formalised benefit-sharing policy.

The estimates suggest that Province 3 will receive the most from hydropower royalty followed by Province 5 which will receive Rs 183.13 million.

Each year, the Nepal Electricity Authority collects massive amount in energy royalties from the hydel plants that are in operation. In fiscal year 2017-18 the state owned power utility had collected Rs 967.37 million and in the current fiscal year the projections are at Rs 1,351 million as energy royalties.

Depending on the generation capacity and years in operation, hydropower plants have been mandated by the Hydropower Development Policy, 2001 to pay annual capacity and energy royalties.

Plants generating power from 1 MW to 10 MW are liable to pay Rs 100 per kW up to 15 years in operation and Rs 1000 per kW after 15 years. Hydel plants with installed capacity Read more…

Source:: Nepal Energy Forum

Jun 142019
 

By OnlineNEF@Nepal

We need to ensure that SEZs which are showing up for operation set a trend for other such zones in various stages of development

June 13, 2019

Special economic zones are considered to be important vehicle for industrialization as development of such zones is intended to encourage domestic and foreign investment, create jobs, enhance production of goods and services and generate additional export. Neighboring countries India, China and Bangladesh have made substantial progress in increasing industrial production and export from the successful management and operation of special economic zones, also called SEZs. A large volume of garment, which occupies almost 85 percent of the total export of Bangladesh, is produced within the special economic zones while China houses the large sized economic zones mostly in Guangdong province and the south east coastal cities of the country. India for the first time in 1965 started the development of industrial cluster in Kandla, Gujrat, announced additional incentives and termed it Export Processing Zone, a precursor of the Special Economic Zones. The number of special economic zones was added in subsequent years and now there are almost 200 SEZs in operation in the country.

Nepal’s experience with the development of special economic zone is not encouraging. The concept of special economic zones started taking shape with the development of inland clearance depots (ICDs) in Birgunj back in 1999-2000. In the beginning two sites—one in Simara and another in Bhairahawa at a reasonable distance (three kilometers for Bhairahawa and 25 kilometers for Simara)—from the dry ports were selected for development of the zones. The rationale was that industries in the zones get the direct consignment of raw materials or intermediate goods from the nearby dry port and also could dispatch the export cargo promptly passing through such ports.

The development of Simara economic zone was primarily targeted for accommodating the ailing garment industries of Nepal and the development works in the first phase (around 95 hectares) which was designated as garment processing zone is in final stage of construction. SEZ Authority has recently advertised for submission of expression of interest from the potential industries to start the garment industries in the zone. But, to the surprise of all, the Executive Director of the Authority in a discussion forum organized in Kathmandu recently, revealed that not even a single industry could show up to respond to the call of authority. There are questions around why the development of facilities with huge investment albeit so belated, could not get any appreciation from the industries. The introspection requires on the fundamental parameters of implementing a development project, as the lessons learned.

Constraint factors
First, the issue is associated with the lack of consultation with and engagement of the stakeholders while taking up the development projects. In this case, potential investors and representatives of the business organizations are the main stakeholders who were not found aware of the development taking place for facilitation of their industries.

Second, the works cannot be undertaken in isolation as there are social, economic, logistical and human development factors associated Read more…

Source:: Nepal Energy Forum

Jun 142019
 

By OnlineNEF@Nepal

जेष्ठ ३१, २०७६

पर्वत — प्राकृतिक तथा मानवीय कारणले निर्माणमा २ वर्ष ढिलाइ भएको तल्लो मोदी जलविद्युत् आयोजना फेरि प्रभावित भएको छ । २० मेगावाट क्षमताको आयोजनाले असार पहिलो सातादेखि उत्पादन थाल्ने तयारी गरेको थियो । स्थायीको माग गर्दै कर्मचारी आन्दोलनमा उत्रिएपछि आयोजनाको सबै काम ठप्प छ । कार्यरत ४० कर्मचारीले निर्माणको काम सकिएपछि पनि स्वतः स्थायीको माग राख्दै साता दिनदेखि आयोजना बन्दगराएका हुन् । उनीहरूले कार्यालय, विद्युत्गृह, बाँधस्थललगायतमा तालाबन्दी गरेका छन् ।

मागप्रति सुनुवाइ नभएकाले बाध्य भएर आन्दोलनमा उत्रिनुपरेको कर्मचारी शिव लामिछानेले बताए । ‘आयोजना बन्नुमा हाम्रो ठूलो योगदान छ,’ उनले भने, ‘पटकपटक बसेर समस्याको समाधान गरौं भन्दा आयोजनाका जिम्मेवार व्यक्ति पञ्छिन खोज्नुभयो ।’ माग पूरा नभएसम्म आन्दोलन नरोकिने उनले बताए ।

कार्यरत सबै स्थानीय कर्मचारीले काम बन्द गराएपछि सबैजसो उपकरण परीक्षणको काम रोकिएको छ । मुख्यगरी बाँध, टनेल, पावरहाउस, पाइपलाइनलगायतमा जडित मेसिनको परीक्षण भइरहेको थियो । आयोजना प्रमुख पवनकुमार यादवले उपकरणको गुणस्तर तथा आयोजनाको समग्र पूर्वाधारको परीक्षण रोकिएको बताए । ‘परीक्षण उत्पादनपछि स्थायी वा अवकाशबारे निर्णय गर्ने कुरा चलिरहेको थियो,’ यादवले भने, ‘उहाँहरू एक्कासि ताला लगाएर बाहिरिनुभएको छ ।’

उनले कुनै पनि कर्मचारीलाई स्थायी नगरिएको र विद्युत् उत्पादन थालिएपछि प्रक्रिया पुर्‍याएर मात्र स्थायी गर्ने योजना रहेको बताए । परीक्षण उत्पादनको तयारीमा रहेका बेला केही दक्ष कर्मचारीलाई सहयोगीका रूपमा राखेर काम गराइएको तर स्थायी गर्ने प्रक्रिया आयोजना र कर्मचारीको रोहबरमा हुने उनले बताए ।

२०६९ साउनमा निर्माण सुरु आयोजनाको उत्पादन लक्ष्य ०७४ असारमा थियो । अघिल्लो असारमा उत्पादन गर्ने भनिए पनि पूर्वाधारतर्फ काम नसकिएको र टनेलभित्र केही समस्या आएका कारण ढिलाइ भएको थियो । गत फागुनमा उत्पादन तयारी गरेको आयोजनाको पावरहाउसदेखि प्रसारण लाइनसम्म विद्युत् पठाउने तार छोटो काटिएपछि रोकिएको थियो ।

लक्ष्यअनुसार समयमै काम सक्न स्थानीयको अवरोध, प्राकृतिक प्रकोपलगायत कारणले ढिलाइ भएको आयोजनाका जनसम्पर्क अधिकृत सुरेन्द्र बेल्बासेले बताए । ३ अर्ब ६० करोडको लागत स्टिमेटमा सुरु भएको आयोजनाले निर्धारित समयमा उत्पादन दिन नसकेपछि लागत पनि बढेको छ ।
अगन्धर तिवारी
स्रोत:कान्तिपुर

Read more…

Source:: Nepal Energy Forum

Jun 132019
 

By OnlineNEF@Nepal

Kathmandu, June 13

Twenty private power developers have come together to establish ‘Nepal Power Exchange Ltd’.

The independent power producers (IPPs) aim to supply power generated by private developers in the domestic market as well as export electricity to neighbouring countries like India and Bangladesh through the power trading company.

The IPPs have jointly formed the energy trading company as the additional electricity expected to be generated by the end of next fiscal is at risk of going to waste if the government is unable to export it. At present, the country is generating 1,142 megawatts of electricity, of which more than half is generated by IPPs.

“Despite our significant contribution to the energy sector, the government has largely ignored our genuine concerns,” claimed Asish Garg, managing director of the company, who is also the promoter and general secretary of Independent Power Producers’ Association, Nepal (IPPAN). “Hence, we have established a public company to ensure the market for electricity generated by IPPs.”

As per him, the company has submitted an application at the Electricity Regulatory Commission and the Ministry of Energy, Water Resources and Irrigation for further process.

The company is finalising some of the projects in Arun basin developed by IPPs that can export energy to India and Bangladesh in the near future.

“We have already inked a memorandum of understanding with the Bangladeshi government and their private sector regarding power trade and we will soon hold further discussions regarding mutual benefits for both parties,” Garg said.

In September last year, when Energy Minister Barsha Man Pun had visited Bangladesh, Bangladeshi government had expressed interest to purchase electricity generated from the Upper Karnali Hydropower Project of Nepal. The Bangladeshi government had said it would purchase 500 megawatts of power from the 900-megawatt project.

Back then, Energy Minister Pun had said that Bangladesh planned to buy 9,000 megawatts of power from Nepal by 2040. He added that the two countries were in discussion regarding Bangladesh purchasing around 1,500 megawatts of electricity to be generated from Dudhkoshi and Upper Arun Hydropower projects of Nepal.

At that time, Minister Pun had said the talks would be concluded soon.

As per Garg, the company is planning to visit India this week to discuss the prospects of power trade with the southern neighbour. “We are scheduled to hold discussions with the Central Electricity Authority of India, along with other power-related entities for power sales and other transmission line issues.”

According to him, the establishment of the firm will increase competitiveness and break monopoly of Nepal Electricity Authority in power trade.

UMESH POUDEL

Source: The Himalayan Times

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Source:: Nepal Energy Forum

Jun 132019
 

By OnlineNEF@Nepal

Lamjung, June 11

A discussion on construction of Upper Marsyangdi II Hydropower project on the border of Lamjung and Manang districts was held today.

Investment Board Nepal organised an interaction with stakeholders, including high-level government officials of Lamjung and Manang and people’s representatives. The discussion was aimed at seeking suggestions for the project.

As per the discussion, a dam for the project will be constructed at Sirantal of Naso Rural Municipality, and a power house will be constructed at Syange of Marsyangdi Rural Municipality. Similarly, a 14-km tunnel will be built for the project.

Indian company GMR had put the 600-megawatt Upper Marsyangdi Hydropower on hold for the last ten years. During Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli’s China sojourn, Nepal’s Butwal Power Company had signed a pact to construct the 600-megawatt project in collaboration with a Chinese company last year.

At the programme, Nepal Communist Party (NCP) Chief Whip Dev Gurung said the hydel project should be constructed keeping in mind the interests of people and the country.

Federal lawmaker Palden Gurung from Manang said while constructing the hydel projects, locals’ concern and their interest should also be considered. “A hydro power project should not be constructed by violating people’s rights,” he said.

Nepal Communist Party (NCP) Gandaki Province Chief Whip Mayanath Adhikari said the tendency to keep rivers and streams in the bag should end pronto. He stressed the need to maintain transparency on hydro power projects.

Province lawmaker Dhananjaya Dawadi said hydro projects had to inform locals about compensation and the shares locals are entitled to receive in advance.

Investment Board Nepal’s CEO Maha Prasad Adhikari said the project would start as per the existing laws and agreements signed.

“PDA will be done in three months,” he said. Adhikari urged the local levels to facilitate the project. After PDA, we shall proceed with PPA and general licence, said Adhikari.

Source: The Himalayan Times

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Source:: Nepal Energy Forum